-ves


-ves
-fs, -ves
Nouns ending in -f and -fe have plural forms as shown in the table below:
noun / -fs plural / -ves plural / verb form
beef / beefs (= kinds of beef) / beeves (=oxen) / / ____ / /
belief / beliefs / / ____ / / / ____ / /
calf / / ____ / / calves / calve, calved
dwarf / dwarfs / dwarves (see entry) / dwarf, dwarfed
elf / / ____ / / elves / / ____ / /
half / / ____ / / halves / halve, halved
handkerchief / handkerchiefs / / ____ / / / ____ / /
hoof / hoofs / hooves (see entry) / hoof, hoofed
knife / / ____ / / knives / knife, knifed
leaf / / ____ / / leaves / leaf, leafed
life / / ____ / / lives / live, lived
loaf / / ____ / / loaves / loaf, loafed
oaf / oafs / / ____ / / / ____ / /
proof / proofs / / ____ / / prove, proved
roof / roofs / rooves (see entry) / roof, roofed
scarf / scarfs / scarves (see entry) / / ____ / /
self / / ____ / / selves / / ____ / /
sheaf / / ____ / / sheaves / sheave, sheaved
shelf / / ____ / / shelves / shelve, shelved
staff / staffs / staves (music) / staff, staffed
thief / / ____ / / thieves / thieve, thieved
turf / turfs / turves (see entry) / turf, turfed
wharf / wharfs / wharves / / ____ / /
wife / / ____ / / wives / / ____ / /
wolf / / ____ / / wolves / wolf, wolfed
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-ves
For plurals such as calves, see -fs, -ves.

Modern English usage. 2014.


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